An important part of most livelihood programming activities has been community capacity-building and institutional strengthening. In the 1980s, criticisms were generated against definitions of poverty based solely on consumption or income levels, which are the basis of poverty line measures. What is needed is a range of options that can be applied depending on where the project is in the programme cycle. Household livelihood security. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from the stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future without undermining the natural resource base (Chambers & Conway). Documenting the lessons will be critical to programme improvements. The sustainable livelihood concept is the driving theoretical framework of this study. The framework shows how, in different contexts, sustainable livelihoods are achieved through access to a It does not offer definitive answers and guidelines. Care must be taken to determine whether the poor are participating in project activities. Although livelihoods are not explicitly accounted for within nexus frameworks, a small but growing body of research has highlighted the value of nexus-based approaches for evaluating the effects of development on livelihoods and for promoting sustainable livelihood practices (e.g. The analysis should determine which entry point to pursue. The household evaluation framework is based on the concept of Sustainable Livelihoods (SL), which dates back to the work of Robert Chambers in the mid-‘80s1. A stakeholder analysis is a critical first step in any diagnosis. Presented by Timothy R. Frankenberger, CARE. A sustainable livelihood approach attempts to take a holistic perspective in determining problems and opportunities for programme activities. 19 June 2019, Rome - FAO has launched a new Corporate Framework on Rural Extreme Poverty to accelerate the UN agency's and its partners' efforts towards eradicating extreme poverty for … This approach is influenced by many of the themes that we have already looked at in this unit, including those of integrated rural development, basic needs, participation and sustainable development. New Corporate Framework on Rural Extreme Poverty launched. The DFID has developed a ‘Sustainable Livelihood Framework’ (SLF) which is one of the most widely used livelihoods frameworks in development practice. FAO and Guatemala Partner for Forests, Food Security and Livelihoods story highlights On the occasion of the International Day of Forests, the Government of Guatemala and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) announced a number of agreements to strengthen links between forests and trees and food security, climate change responses, and sustainable development. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining natural resource bases. However artisanal fishers in the main lakes of Africa are faced with several alternative decisions to improve their livelihood sustainably. over time.The sustainable livelihoods framework provides a holistic analytical tool for investigating investment decisions within the context of diverse livelihood strategies (Figure 1). These are: Livelihood. Sustainable Livelihoods Framework (SLF) as a conceptual approach for understanding household ... (FAO, 2010). These needs may be addressed by partner organizations and not directly by the project. Single-sector projects/programmes may be the most appropriate avenue to pursue based on a good problem and opportunity analysis. FAO defi nes resilience as “the ability to prevent disasters and crises as well as to anticipate, absorb, accommodate or recover from them in a timely, effi cient and sustainable manner”1. Voluntary guidelines on the responsible governance of tenure of land, fisheries and forests, The LGAF: Land Governance Assessment Framework, Global Land Tool Network: Land Administration and Information, Consortium Research: Women’s Land tenure Security: A conceptual Framework, Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia, Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean, Regional Office for the Near East and North Africa. Household livelihood security. This holistic perspective involves taking into account: Context. Participation and empowerment are the basic tenets of the approach. As such much of the food security challenge in Bangladesh has historically been closely linked to the production of, and access to, rice at household level. The SL framework does not seek to provide an exact representation of reality, but rather a view of the livelihoods of less advantaged populations. As a whole, this set of Guidance Sheets attempts to summarise and share emerging thinking on the sustainable livelihoods approach. while the framework maintains ‚sustainability™ as a focal concept in the evaluation of household livelihood outcomes, the mechanism underlying such development path is not explicitly provided. Sustainable Pastoralism (WISP )1, which continues to explore good practice in a range of themes that are relevant to sustainable pastoral development. FAO RFLP SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS APPROACHES (SLA) & BASELINE SURVEY DESIGN Phuket, Thailand: April 20th – 25th 2010 Workshop Report Ben Cattermoul IMM Ltd The Innovation Centre The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood op-portunities and shows how they relate to one another. For example, working with merchants may assist poor farmers in obtaining inputs more easily. During the 1990s until the present, there has been a shift from a material perspective focused on food production to a social perspective that focuses on the enhancement of peoples' capacities to secure their own livelihoods. A beta regression model was used to further examine the effect of other socio-economic characteristics on their vulnerability. Capacity-building efforts must focus on service delivery as well as risk-management. A livelihood is environmentally sustainable when it maintains or enhances the local and global assets on which livelihoods depend, and has net beneficial effects on other livelihoods. Ongoing projects can incorporate a livelihood perspective during critical moments of their project cycle, such as during mid-term reviews or evaluations to determine if other factors beyond the sector constraints that the project is focusing on could influence the achievement of project objectives. It does not offer definitive answers and guidelines. The sustainable livelihoods framework presents the main factors that affect people’s livelihoods, and typical relationships between these. Resources. 5 In this paper, we are using the livelihoods approach as a conceptual tool to re-examine past strategies in fisheries management and development from a perspective different to the … One of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations in 2015, the official wording is: "Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss". One of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations in 2015, the official wording is: "Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss". For this reason, SLA programmes must be able to mange partnerships at various levels. To sustain positive livelihood outcomes, effective local institutions that deliver goods and services must be in place. A central notion is that different households have differ-ent access livelihood assets, which the sustainable livelihood approach aims to expand. It is defined in terms of the ability of a social unit to enhance ... framework which can serve as the basis for an analysis. Various livelihoods frameworks. Finally, much more work needs to be done on capacity-building indicators. I will try to highlight some of the key issues and trends that I see are taking place as the approach gets operationalized in different settings by different institutions. Abstract. When people are not familiar with the terms, labels can create divisions, even when different agencies may be pursuing similar approaches. Key words: sustainable livelihood framework, household livelihood expectations, institutional evolution, sustainable development ... (FAO), United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and national governments have actively used the SLF since the 1990s. To improve their livelihood conditions, people adopt … FAO goes further to state that sustainable development cannot be achieved without resilient livelihoods. One has a narrower economic focus on production, employment and household income. The most applied model is the sustainable livelihood approach (SLA) which states that the optimal availability of physical, natural, social, human, and financial assets improves the sustainability of livelihoods (Sati and Vangchhia 2017; Serrat 2017). It is more important to understand what are the underlying principles that govern these types of holistic approaches. The purpose of the conceptual framework is to provide a common frame of reference for clarifying and communicating important concepts related to livelihoods and food security, and their relationship with each other, among The project should not collect unnecessary data that is not clearly linked to the objective or the problem analysis. In the mid-1980s to the early 1990s, researchers began to widen their perspective from food security to a livelihood perspective. It is also useful in assessing the effectiveness of existing efforts to reduce poverty. According to the Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO), “the livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from any adverse situations and sudden shocks, like disaster, and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future without undermining the natural resource base” (FAO, 2009; Serrat, 2017). What are the social, economic, political, historical, demographic trends that influence the livelihood options of a given population and what are the risks to which they are exposed? These include government agencies, civil organizations and the private sector. The sustainable livelihoods framework (SLF/SLA) has been widely used in the assessment of livelihoods of communities around natural resource. Out of this concern, the CGIAR centres were born, and significant increases in food supplies were created through crop research. Criteria derived from participatory approaches are the changes that are meaningful to communities. Corresponds to the proposed methodology of the tool and the experience of LAP in Latin America and particularly Central America. The majority of the Mozambican population lives in the rural areas, where poverty is most prevalent and climate changes show an increasing impact. A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets and activities required for a means of living (Chambers & Conway 1988). Household livelihood security is defined as adequate and sustainable access to income and resources to meet basic needs (Frankenberger 1996). The DFID defines a sustainable livelihood (SL) based on capabilities, assets (both material and social resources) and activities required for living. It is important to monitor the distribution of benefits to make programme adjustments when needed. The Framework presents FAO forward-looking contribution to maximizing It is very difficult in the time allotted to give an overview on all of the work that has taken place on sustainable livelihood approaches over the past several years. The concept was developed in the 1990s for the analysis of poverty (Scoones, 1998; Ellis, 2000;Cahn, 2002). Afterwards, the basic elements of the Sustainable Livelihood Approach and the Household Economy Approach are presented as livelihood-based frameworks. By having a greater level of security and legal certainty of individual or collective tenure and better access to land administration services, families can make more appropriate decisions about the fate of their assets, such as investing to make their capital more productive, helping to reduce local disputes or strengthening their involvement in local decision-making spaces. Sustainable livelihood has been a focal point in many development initiatives by private and public sectors in most African countries. The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood op-portunities and shows how they relate to one another. The following report uses the Livelihoods Framework to structure the discussion of how to support sustainable pastoralism. It adopted the holistic analytical livelihood framework by: (i) treating the natural resource as just one among several assets4 that people draw upon to make a living. FAO Policy Learning Programme. If the poor are not involved, then consideration must be given to opportunities for including additional components that address the livelihood needs of the poor. If these changes do not occur, then the project has not brought about the kinds of improvements that are significant to the community. Sustainable Livelihoods Framework “A livelihood comprises the assets (Natural, Physical, Human, Financial and Social Capital), the activities linked to these assets and access to them, (mediated by institutions and social relations) that together determine the living gained by the individual or household” (Chambers and Conway, 1992). The livelihood assets, As analysts point out, there are two broad approaches to defining livelihoods. It is important to identify which government, civic and private-sector institutions operate in a given livelihood setting to determine their relative strengths and weaknesses in delivering goods and services essential to secure livelihoods. Vulnerability is determined by the risks that households and communities are exposed to and their ability to use assets to cope with these risks. One of the key problems that implementing agencies have is allocating time and resources to document the lessons learned. To measure the impact of a livelihood programme, it is important to measure criteria relevant to communities as well as normative criteria. The concept of sustainable livelihoods is a reference point for a wide range of people involved in different aspects of development policy formulation and planning. Sustainable Pastoralism (WISP )1, which continues to explore good practice in a range of themes that are relevant to sustainable pastoral development. The DFID defines a sustainable livelihood (SL) based on capabilities, assets (both material and social resources) and activities required for living. Such outcome measures need to be differentiated and disaggregated across groups, households and individuals. The sustainable livelihoods framework in 3.1.1 is an effort to conceptualise livelihoods in a holistic way, capturing the many complexities of livelihoods, and the constraints and opportunities that they are subjected to. DFID adapts a version of Chambers Conway’s definition of livelihoods: “A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets and activities required for a means of living. DFID sustainable livelihoods guidance sheets Author: DFID Year: 1999 Resource type: Official. It is important not to get hung up on the label, that is, whether you call it SLA, HLS or something else. Figure 1: Sustainable livelihoods framework ( 2013 ) focusing on sustainable livelihoods approach (SLA) as a framework for understanding and guiding policy-making in coastal and marine social-ecological systems. A specific livelihoods framework and objectives have been developed to assist with implementation, It is defined in terms of the ability of a social unit to enhance its assets and capabilities in the face of shocks and stresses over time. For example, in Haiti, Vietnam, and Cambodia, Oxfam America supports the System of Rice Intensification (SRI)—a low external input system that can save farmers seed, reduce water use, and lower greenhouse gas emissions while improving yields. They are not based on dramatically new methods but utilize the methods that have been developed over the past 20 years. Agricultural development has been important in recent years in reducing For instance, Ferrol-Schulte et al. What are the various assets (financial, physical, social, human and natural) that households and communities have access to and how are they differentiated and disaggregated? • The five capitals for sustaining livelihoods are the central focus of spatio-temporal measurement. These outcomes can be based on normative standards (e.g. The sustainable livelihoods (SL) framework provides a sound basis for indicator selection. The first section provides a summarised background of recent Sustainable Livelihood Analysis (SLA) has since the 1990s become the dominant approach to the implementation of development interventions by a number of major international agencies. It is important to take into consideration that natural resource management interventions that have public benefits do not always have direct benefits for the poor. Institutions that are not able to mange risk effectively can quickly become overwhelmed, seriously jeopardizing their ability to continue to provide services. Sustainable Development Goal 15 is about Life on land. Cross-sectoral impacts that are measured are derived from the links that are demonstrated from the holistic analysis. THE LIVELIHOOD SUPPORT PROGRAMME The FAO Livelihood Support Programme (LSP),2001–2007, supported in part by the UK Department for International Development (DFID), is helping to improve the impact of FAO interventions at the country level through the effective application of sustainable livelihood (SL) approaches. These measures may be location specific. This led to a shift from national food security to a concern with the food security and nutritional status of households and individuals. Sustainable Fisheries Livelihoods Programme (Gcp/I... Download PDF | The Correct title is : "Farming Systems and poverty : improving farmers' livelihoods in a changing world" FAO | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Humanitarian and peace responses can achieve sustainable results only if individuals, households and societies are resilient to conflicts and other shocks. Livelihoods can therefore be affected by external factors which increase their resilience and consequently reduce their vulnerability. The private sector is usually left out of such analyses. The purpose of the conceptual framework is to provide a common frame of reference for clarifying and communicating important concepts related to livelihoods and food security, and their relationship with each other, among donors and practitioners. SLA activities may be initiated at different levels (i.e. In the guide we believe that evaluating the effects of increasing security and legal certainty of tenure, as part of the country’s institutional services, will help strengthen capital (human, social, natural, physical and financial (see the definition of SL) linked to the greater resilience of households in poverty. DFID sustainable livelihoods guidance sheets Author: DFID Year: 1999 Resource type: Official. The strategic focus of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) in the livelihoods dimension of the Joint Resilience Project in Eastern Sudan is to enhance the resilience of vulnerable communities and households by supporting them to develop livelihood strategies that are environmentally and economically sustainable, socially accepted and technically sound to durably … There are a number of definitions currently in use that a number of agencies share in common. Sustainable livelihood. This is why SLA seems so familiar to those who have been involved in systems-oriented approaches such as farming systems research and household food security. Sustainable livelihoods and political capital: arguments and evidence from decentralisation and natural resource management in India The preparatory project started in June 2001, and the final Project Memorandum for the Strategic Programme should have been completed by December 2001. As analysts point out, there are two broad approaches to defining livelihoods. Such measures are critical for donors and governments that need to make resource allocation decisions across regions or countries. The goal of the preparatory project and the strategic programme would be to improve poor rural livelihoods, and the purpose would be to improve the effectiveness of FAO’s information systems in influencing poor people’s livelihoods. national, regional, local) depending on where the greatest leverage can be achieved. 3 were developed on the back of this thinking, of which the most commonly used and ‘conceptually sophisticated’ (according to Pain and Lautze, 2002) is DFID’s Sustainable Livelihoods Framework (SLF) which continues to prove influential today (see Figure 1). If the strategy is correct, then the livelihoods of the target group we wish to support should be improved. These workshops have used the SustainableLivelihoods Approach as a means of helping participants to analyse what they already do andways in which they, and IFAD, could enhance their positive impacts on the livelihoods of the poor.Sustainable Livelihoods Approach was used as a “thematic guide” for these workshops.Participants, after “recreating” the SL framework, based on their own experience, then used … The sustainable livelihoods approach succeeded in winning the attention of key policy-makers in donor institutions in the early 1990s, DFID in 1997 and the Natural Resources Department, away from the competing knowledge and theory which key individuals have … Livelihood outcomes. Module 4 presents the concept of SL applied to the effects of strengthening security and legal certainty of tenure in livelihoods of households and in their wellbeing, along with their econometric analysis based on methodologies developed by the World Bank3. SLA uses a wide variety of participatory tools for diagnosis, programme design and monitoring and evaluation. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from the stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future without undermining the natural resource base (Chambers & Conway). SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS GUIDANCE SHEETS METHODS OVERVIEW 4.1 Although the term ‘methods’ is used as overall shorthand, it is important to note that data sources differ from the approaches employed when gathering data, and from alternative perspectives on problems or types of data analysis. We focus on sustainable agricultural practices to overcome environmental, climate, and technical hurdles while increasing outputs. They influence the access people have to livelihoods assets and the strategic possibilities for employing these assets to reach favourable livelihoods outcomes. These lessons can be derived from participatory monitoring systems and other aspects of the M&E system. FAO has established a Corporate Framework on Rural Extreme Poverty to orient and bring to bear the relevant work of the Organization towards reaching Target 1.1 of the SDGs. Similarly, the programme strategy may work with different people in the community than the group we wish to help. Exposure to approaches and methods of livelihood analysis . The livelihoods framework also forms the basis for recent policy-relevant empirical research that seeks to capture the cross-sectoral nature of rural people's income-generating and subsistence activities . Programme information systems should be set up to capture both the intended and unintended consequences of programme activities. 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